What is a billable item?

Billable items form the basis for billing the services used in your product. The billable item represents an item that is to be billed. You can model the different line items in your customer invoice as a billable item within Togai.

The design principles behind Togai is to offer the maximum amount of flexibility when it comes to your pricing configurations. This is achieved through by abstracting a traditional product catalogue into ‘Billable Item’ that does not contain the price information and ‘Rate Card’ which holds the pricing details with other complex rules requierd for rating.

What is a billable item?


A billable item will contain the following entities -

  • ID - This is the unique ID that is auto generated by Togai when you create a billable item.
  • Name - This is the name you input to identify a billable item.
  • Billable Name - This is the description that you would want your customers to see in your invoice for that line item.
  • Type - There are 5 types of Billable items in Togai - Usage meter, License add-on, Fixed fee add-on, Credit add-on and features.

Types of billable items

Billable Item types

Usage meter

We explained what a usage meter is and how you can create one in the previous section. Usage meters are a type of billable items that are meant to model consumption based line items in your invoice. Examples of such line items include total duration for which an instance was running, total data stored, number of tasks, number of API calls, data ingress and egress costs.

License add-on

This is a type of billable item you can use to model seat based pricing or license based pricing. You would be able to define price per unit for every seat or license when you create your price plan and based on the quantity allotted (number of seats/licenses), the customer will be invoiced accordingly.

Fixed fee add-on

This type is used to model a flat pricing without any input quantity. Fixed fees can be one-time fees (eg: professional services, setup fees) or recurring fees (platform monthly/annual fee). This configuration is provided when defining the price plan.

Credit add-on

This billable item type serves two purposes - one to give promotional credits that can be used to model discounts or marketing promotions. Another purpose is to model minimum commitments for any individual line item/group of line items/entire invoice.

Features

Features are a billable item type that are used to model entitlements. When a customer purchases/subscribes to a software product, they are essentially getting access to use a product’s set of features for a defined time period. Entitlements are this individual list of features or a group of packaged features that can be associated to a customer. Features and entitlements are used in 2 main scenarios -

  1. Pre-paid commitments - When you have a cost structure that is variable (eg: Communications platforms), you would not want customers to use without any limits on their consumption.
  2. Cross-sell and Up-sell - You can bundle features and limit usage within a subscription plan so that customers are incentivized to upgrade to higher plans where the price per unit would be cheaper than the overage price on a lower tier plan.

Togai supports metered and unmetered entitlements.

Metered entitlements are features that have a countable limit to the number of times a customer can get access to a feature. Metered entitlements need to be associated with an event schema to track the usage of the feature by the customer. An example here is Make’s pricing which allows you to subscribe to a plan with a limit on the number of operations allowed per month.

Metered entitlements in Togai follow a synchronous ingestion pipeliene - we will be in the critical path of your customers when they access a feature. When customer makes a request to access the feature, you should invoke the entitlement ingestion API and allow access only if this API call provides a success response.

Unmetered entitlements are equivalent to feature flags where customers either have access to a feature or not. This does not require a mapping to an event schema and can be associated idependently to customer accounts.

You will be able to define the pricing for individual features/entitlements in Togai’s price plan section.